Note 1 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2018
|Note 1 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
NOTE 1 ORGANIZATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Organization BlackRidge Technology International, Inc. (the "Company" or, we, us, our and similar terminology) was incorporated under the laws of the State of Nevada on March 15, 2004 under the name Grote Molen, Inc. The Company develops and markets next generation cyber defense solutions that stop cyber-attacks and block unauthenticated access. The Companys network and server security products are based on patented Transport Access Control technology (the Blackridge Technology) and are designed to isolate, cloak and protect servers and cloud services and segment networks for regulatory compliance. The Companys products are used in enterprise and government computing environments, the industrial internet of things and other cloud service provider and network systems.
On September 6, 2016, the Company entered into an agreement and plan of reorganization with BlackRidge Technology International, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and Grote Merger Co., a Delaware corporation providing for the Companys acquisition of BlackRidge in exchange for a controlling number of shares of the Companys preferred and common stock pursuant to the merger of Grote Merger Co. with and into BlackRidge, with BlackRidge continuing as the surviving corporation. The transaction contemplated in the agreement closed on February 22, 2017.
On July 2, 2017, the Company filed a Certificate to Accompany Restated Articles or Amended and Restated Articles with the Secretary of State of Nevada to, among other things, change the Companys name to BlackRidge Technology International, Inc.
On September 22, 2017, the Company formed a new business subsidiary called BlackRidge Secure Blockchain, Inc. to pursue new market opportunities for securing blockchain applications. On August 31, 2018, the Company filed for the dissolution of Blackridge Secure Blockchain Inc. after determining it would not be utilized.
On October 13, 2017, the Company formed a new business subsidiary called BlackRidge Secure Services, Inc. to work with partners on Secure Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition Systems (SCADA) infrastructure and to design and deliver secure systems using BlackRidge Technology products for use by the utilities industry.
Principles of Consolidation - The Company and its subsidiaries consist of the following entities, which have been consolidated in the accompanying financial statements:
BlackRidge Technology International, Inc.
BlackRidge Technology Holding, Inc.
BlackRidge Technology, Inc.
BlackRidge Technology Government, Inc.
BlackRidge Secure Services, Inc.
All intercompany balances have been eliminated in consolidation.
Basis of Presentation The accompanying consolidated financial statements as of September 30, 2018 and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 are unaudited. In the opinion of management, all adjustments have been made, consisting of normal recurring items, that are necessary to present fairly the consolidated financial position as of September 30, 2018 as well as the consolidated results of operations and cash flows for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. The results of operations for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for the full year. The interim consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2017.
Interim Financial Statements The accompanying financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 8 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements. In our opinion, the financial statements include all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) necessary in order to make the financial statements not misleading. Operating results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the final results that may be expected for the year ended December 31, 2018. For more complete financial information, these unaudited financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2017 filed with the SEC.
Use of Estimates - The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimated by management.
Concentrations - Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash and accounts receivable. The Company minimizes its credit risk associated with cash by periodically evaluating the credit quality of its primary financial institution. The cash balance at times may exceed federally insured limits. Management believes the financial risk associated with these balances is minimal and has not experienced any losses to date. At September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company had cash balances in excess of FDIC insured limits of $2,029,987 and $169,751, respectively.
Significant customers are those which represent more than 10% of the Companys revenue for each period presented, or the Companys accounts receivable balance as of each respective balance sheet date. For each significant customer, revenue as a percentage of total revenue and accounts receivable as a percentage of total net accounts receivable are as follows:
Inventory - Inventory is valued at the lower of cost or market value. Product-related inventories are primarily maintained using the average cost method. When market value is determined to be less than cost, the Company records an allowance for obsolescence. The companys inventory assets at September 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017 consisted primarily of hardware appliances valued as follows:
Revenue Recognition - We account for product revenue in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification 606, Revenue Recognition, and all related interpretations. Revenue is recognized when the following criteria are met:
· Identification of the contract, or contracts, with a customer
· Identification of the performance obligations in the contract
· Determination of the transaction price
· Allocation of the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract
· Recognition of revenue when, or as, we satisfy performance obligation
Revenue generally is recognized net of allowances for returns and any taxes collected from customers and subsequently remitted to governmental authorities.
Revenue recognition for multiple-element arrangements requires judgment to determine if multiple elements exist, whether elements can be accounted for as separate units of accounting, and if so, the fair value for each of the elements.
The Company may enter into arrangements that can include various combinations of software, services, and hardware. Where elements are delivered over different periods of time, and when allowed under U.S. GAAP, revenue is allocated to the respective elements based on their relative selling prices at the inception of the arrangement, and revenue is recognized as each element is delivered. We use a hierarchy to determine the fair value to be used for allocating revenue to elements: (i) vendor-specific objective evidence of fair value ("VSOE"), (ii) third-party evidence, and (iii) best estimate of selling price ("ESP"). For software elements, we follow the industry specific software guidance which only allows for the use of VSOE in establishing fair value. Generally, VSOE is the price charged when the deliverable is sold separately, or the price established by management for a product that is not yet sold if it is probable that the price will not change before introduction into the marketplace. ESPs are established as best estimates of what the selling prices would be if the deliverables were sold regularly on a stand-alone basis. Our process for determining ESPs requires judgment and considers multiple factors that may vary over time depending upon the unique facts and circumstances related to each deliverable.
Any revenue received that does not yet meet the above recognition standards is recorded to unearned revenue and held as a liability until recognition occurs.
Earnings (Loss) Per Share The basic computation of loss per share is based on the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period presented in accordance with ASC 260, "Earnings Per Share. The computation of diluted earnings per common share is based on the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period plus the common stock equivalents which would arise from the exercise of stock options and warrants outstanding using the treasury stock method and the average market price per share during the period. Common stock equivalents are not included in the diluted earnings per share calculation when their effect is antidilutive.
Share-Based Payments and Stock-Based Compensation Share-based compensation awards, including stock options and restricted stock awards, are recorded at estimated fair value on the applicable awards grant date, based on estimated number of awards that are expected to vest. The grant date fair value is amortized on a straight-line basis over the time in which the awards are expected to vest, or immediately if no vesting is required. Share-based compensation awards issued to non-employees for services are recorded at either the fair value of the services rendered or the fair value of the share-based payments whichever is more readily determinable. The fair value of restricted stock awards is based on the fair value of the stock underlying the awards on the grant date as there is no exercise price.
Property and Equipment - Property and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization is computed on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the respective assets or, in the case of leasehold improvements, the remaining lease term, if shorter. When assets are retired or otherwise disposed of, the assets and related accumulated depreciation are removed, and the resulting gains or losses are recorded as part of other income or expense in the statements of operations. Repairs and maintenance costs are expensed as incurred.
The estimated useful lives of the property and equipment are as follows:
Recently Issued Accounting Standards - From time to time, new accounting pronouncements are issued by FASB that are adopted by the Company as of the specified effective date. If not discussed, management believes that the impact of recently issued standards, which are not yet effective, will not have a material impact on the Companys financial statements upon adoption.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which supersedes Topic 840, Leases (ASU 2016-02). The guidance in this new standard requires lessees to put most leases on their balance sheets but recognize expenses on their income statements in a manner similar to the current accounting and eliminates the current real estate-specific provisions for all entities. The guidance also modifies the classification criteria and the accounting for sales-type and direct financing leases for lessors. ASU 2016-02 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of ASU 2016-02.
The entire disclosure for the general note to the financial statements for the reporting entity which may include, descriptions of the basis of presentation, business description, significant accounting policies, consolidations, reclassifications, new pronouncements not yet adopted and changes in accounting principles.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef